Bitcoin Private and Cloak Cryptocurrencies

There is a huge emphasis on privacy with a lot of new coins but I do feel that a lot of coins focus on a single issue and leave the overall business and usability aspect out.  How do these newer coins fare?

Cloak

My first impression is why doesn’t the non-www version work while the www version does?  Does their team not know how to properly configure nginx or is it just a simple mistake and oversight?

Cloakcoin.com-Forbidden-ConfigError

They call their encryption ENIGMA which I am not sure is a joke or if they aren’t aware of the ENIGMA encryption box in Germany that was compromised during WWII?  I would more so be worried that it is a read between the lines joke or a hint that the team is doing something more than they claim?  Sorry but I just can’t get over the fact that they would not know about the Enigma box from Germany that was decoded.

For my second point I do like the privacy aspects but this is where I have concerns.  On one head they tout privacy, but then to have more privacy they obfuscate transactions by using other clients wallets?  Why would you allow a third-party and random strange to process or handle any part of the transaction?  I do realize they say it is fully encrypted and obfuscated so the random third party stranger on the network shouldn’t know anything about you or your transaction, but to me it violates the principle of privacy and security.  It reminds me of how everyone believed the TOR network is a good idea and secure, but in reality whoever runs an exit node can spy on other users, including the NSA.  This architecture of Cloak makes me worried that a vulnerability could be found and that privacy could be worse than most other Bitcoin-style coins.  Even if a simple vulnerability was not found, you are essentially passing private information to random strangers on the network, the NSA or other large funded organizations could use this to spy on other users or even perhaps modify transactions and create chaos on the network.

I also find it confusing how they say it is private but you have to enable “ENIGMA” on top of “Cloak Shield” to truly make it private?

Here are the parts I’ve picked on from their website:

Alice’s Cloak wallet then automatically sends a request to the network for other Cloak wallets who have elected to become ENIGMA mixer nodes to obfuscate her transaction. All of this is done privately and securely throughout with no identities or true IP addresses revealed.

Bob has cloaking mode enabled in his wallet and the wallet generates a secure CloakShield encryption channel for communications with Alice’s wallet. Bob’s wallet sends Alice a secure connection, containing encrypted inputs and outputs to commence the transaction.

With this confirmed, Alice, with full anonymity, creates an encrypted ENIGMA transaction containing her true inputs and outputs and Bob’s cloaking (obscured) inputs and outputs. Bob and Alice both sign the ENIGMA transaction before it is submitted to the network for inclusion into a PoS block.

Going back to the concerns I have above, I really don’t like how Alice’s wallet would ever communicate with anyone other than the receiver or the Cloak network.  By introducing Bob, there is the chance that Bob could decipher and identify what Alice is doing.  Of course that’s not what should happen, but I believe it is a huge security whole to involve random third parties in confirming or obfuscating transactions.  The situation reminds me a lot of the vulnerabilities in the TOR network.  Essentially Bob is like an exit node, running transactions for Alice.  Bob shouldn’t know who Alice is or what she is doing, but what if there is an implementation error or other issue?  This could be avoided by not using any random third party.

I think Cloak does a great job but they’ve actually introduced a huge security hole by doing the random, third party, processes the transaction part.  It would be like saying “my data is encrypted so I’ll send encrypted copies to everyone”.  Sure it is encrypted but if someone can ever hack your encrypted data either through bruteforce or an algorithm/implementation error then you are done for.  The best solution is to never send private and sensitive data to an extra, third party.

I do think the Cloak project has worked hard and it has some great ideas but aside from privacy and what I believe are security holes in how they implement it, they have done a great job but it is not a coin that does everything right.

Bitcoin Private

For those who know me, I am very much against forks.  As I’ve stated before they decrease, value, lead to scams and confusion.  This can be evidenced with Bitcoin Gold regardless of who you believe was responsible.  Right off the bat Bitcoin Private is warning of scammers trying to confuse you with a warning on their website.

BitcoinPrivate-BTCP-Scam-Private-Keys

The problem with these types of coins, hardforks or what I think are really counterfeits is that you need to give up the very “private keys” of your real, valuable Bitcoin to claim the “new counterfeit coin”.  This is a huge security problem, regardless of who made the wallet what if the wallet is designed or hacked to maliciously steal your real Bitcoins?  There is no easy and secure way to claim your coins from these counterfeits.   Once you give up your private keys to Bitcoin Cash, Bitcoin Gold, Bitcoin Private they could steal your real Bitcoins.

Now there is a way around it, you could transfer your coins to another wallet but it’s a huge pain and a mistake could cost a novice user all of their Bitcoin.

Now in all fairness I appreciate this team at least has official wallets ready for download, unlike Bitcoin Cash.

Users who have the currency called “ZClassic” are also involved here, which is also another confusing fork of ZCash.

This is what I mean about all of the confusion.  It creates an environment where holders and buyers are easily confused about which is the real “Bitcoin”, which is the real ZCash.  And really, I can’t see any reason why people are forking except as a cash grab and counterfeiting spree.

For this reason I don’t trust Bitcoin Private anymore than I trust the other forks (although I trust Bitcoin Gold the least).  I personally feel there is no good reason to trust any of them.  If they want to make a new or better currency they should really just make their own, or at least copy it under a new name.  But of course forking, creates unwilling participants and owners of the new currency, while enriching and rewarding the hardforkers for their counterfeiting.

For those reason if I had to pick between the two, I think Cloak has our best interests at heart and hardforked coins are just a scam, counterfeit and cash grab by unscrupulous people.

Verge Coin Asks For More Money – Shady Things Coins Do

Verge Coin has faced a lot of issues lately such as a hack of their blockchain via an exploit in how it is mined.  Then, recently they announced a big mystery partner but they wouldn’t release who it is without people buying about $3M USD of XVG coins.

This upsets me, it reminds me of the Finom ICO scam (tokens I paid for but never received) and how instead of delivering the tokens they instead did another ICO asking for more money.

Because of how Verge did it, people accused them of trying to do a pump and dump as an exit scam.  In all fairness they did come through with a fairly big announcement, partnering with Pornhub which could increase the coin’s popularity and usage.  From an investment standpoint I don’t think it is the silver bullet people are looking for.  We want to see a coin that is actively used in everyday transactions and that actually replaces fiat.

But the bigger question to me is concern about the Verge team, tactics like this get you labeled as a scam fairly quickly.  It really seems a lot of teams are just that, scammers or they are completely out of teach with reality and basic practices of business, communication and how to treat your investors.

Ripple Wants Government Regulation of Cryptocurrency

I have always believed regulation was inevitable and this is actually one of the reasons I invested in Ripple.  It’s no surprise that they are calling for regulation as they benefit the most.  As worried about them as I am (saving for another article) this is an excellent hedge against this inevitability.  Ripple stands to profit from this as it already has very good relationships with big finance and governments.  Any regulation is very likely to benefit Ripple the most.

Ripple’s, Ryan Zagone, ironically titled, “head of regulatory relations” has called on the UK to adopt 3-regulatory moves and has suggested they take a cue from Japan.  This is both good and bad, regulation, if fair and easy to follow can remove uncertainty and strengthen the countries that do it right.  I think Japan is a good example of regulation that has gone right and helped cryptocurrency flourish.

Zagone has called on the three issues to be regulated “namely consumer protection, financial stability and anti-money laundering “.  Consumer protection is a given and I wonder why no one has also said “insurance coverage” as this would take most of the risk out of holding cryptocurrency and the risk of theft and hacks.  When it comes to “financial stability” it depends on what he means and what the UK government would take it to mean?  I would take it that this would be the part that would help out Ripple and possibly stunt the growth of competitors to Ripple.  When it comes to anti-money laundering this is a given but again, how do you do it without harming or offending law abiding citizens?  Or will these laws and regulations be a pretext for both Ripple and Big Banking to squash the abilities of everyone else?

The UK Central Bank’s, Mark Carney has said the following about cryptocurrency.

  • “The time has come to hold the crypto-asset ecosystem to the same standards as the rest of the financial system. Being part of the financial system brings enormous privileges, but with them great responsibilities,” Carney said in a speech on Friday.
  • “A better path would be to regulate elements of the crypto-asset ecosystem to combat illicit activities, promote market integrity, and protect the safety and soundness of the financial system,” Carney said.
  • Carney also slammed the ability for cryptocurrencies to fulfil the role of money, saying they are “failing” as a medium of exchange and are “proving poor short-term stores of value.”
  • “This extreme volatility reflects in part that cryptocurrencies have neither intrinsic value nor any external backing. Their worth rests on beliefs regarding their future supply and demand —ultimately, whether they will be successful as money.”
  • “At present, in my view, crypto-assets do not appear to pose material risks to financial stability,” Carney said.

Well, Mr. Carney was as honest as he could be, from the banking sphere and without losing his job.  I agree that there is almost nothing backing most cryptocurrencies, aside from mining investment.  However, this is about the same, if not better than fiat which is printed without any backing of assets since the gold standard has long been abandoned.  But let’s read between the lines, he wants regulation and he wants cryptocurrency held to the same standards as traditional finance, but at the same time slams it as being a poor store of value (like Soros who now says he’s investing).  Regulation will be tricky, because you are then giving all cryptcurrency legitimacy as currency by regulating it as such or even to traditional financial standards.

Everyone has their own interest in all of this but it will be interesting to see how this plays out.  The game is different now and governments cannot easily seize crypto assets, nor can they shutdown major players who can move away from their jurisdiction with the click of a button.  If smart people are in charge of regulation they will do it right, but if bankers alone are involved, and continued to feel threatened, I predict carnage, and that it will ultimately harm or even topple our current financial system.

Let’s hope things go smooth and that regulators are not influenced too much more when it comes down to it.

 

Cloud VPS Server Comparison by Techrich

Recently a friend asked me to compare ourselves to other large Cloud providers.  It didn’t take me long to think about it, considering essentially Techrich and Compevo architecture are identical. This wasn’t by accident, but by my own principles on how an IT company should function.  Since designing what is now known as the “Super High Performance Cloud Architecture” back in 2009. I knew I wanted Techrich to be smart on security, strict on reliability, and strong on IT protocols.

This infographic probably says it the best but I’ll do my best to explain it as well (explanation below the infographic).

Techrich Cloud VPS Server Hosting Comparison

In a nutshell most of the other Cloud architectures out there rely heavily on a shared storage pool for their VPS’s. We don’t do this.

Some companies have even gone down completely when one of their “main shared storage nodes” was hacked or had a hardware failure.

The problem with shared storage nodes/SANs (Storage Area Networks)

The problem with this architecture is that multiple physical hostnodes rely on a single point of failure for storage.  Not only that, but you can imagine the performance issues that shared network bandwidth cause when multiple hostnodes are competing for the same disk IO resources from a single shared node.

Now I know some companies have redundant shared storage but this is not good enough for both performance, security and reliability reasons.

The Techrich way of doing things is that we have tons of individual nodes that are active/failover.  This eliminates the possibility that a shared storage fault could take offline multiple hostnodes.

In our architecture we have Cloud in a 1-to-1 structure, that means data is live replicated to a standby server which does nothing but wait in case the main server fails or has an issue.

By doing this the performance is also higher, since storage is all local, you get the benefit of Cloud architecture but none of the high risks or performance issues that traditional “shared storage” Cloud brings you.

That’s the Techrich advantage and why we developed our own proprietary and hybrid system to accomplish this.  To date we’ve never been hacked or had any downtime and this is because of the architecture we’ve pursued while sparing no expense in delivering what we feel is the best product.  This is what I’d recommend all of my colleagues and friends to do if they went Cloud.  If they were going to use a shared storage cloud I’d recommend that they just make their own with a few dedicated servers or even a single dedicated server can sometimes be better, more affordable and reliable in the long-run.

When these large Cloud companies like Amazon and Alibaba started out, we did wonder would we lose out to customers who valued price over quality, security and reliability?  We were shocked when the opposite ended up happening- there was a sudden rush of sign ups, and not only that, we had to order a ton of extra servers to keep up with the demand.  I had my IT support staff double and working overtime to meet the crazy rush. It was a good problem to have, but it forced me to grow a lot faster than predicted.

In fact we’ve now noticed a trend that the bottom feeders (scammers, hackers, spammers) have gone to the cheap Cloud companies and a lot of larger players have moved to us.  This is in part, because companies who are more tech and privacy orientated who don’t want to be in a PRISM country or be at risk of the NSA being given access to their sensitive, private and proprietary business/ client information  (which is mandated for large-Cloud providers operating out of any PRISM country), so they moved to us and remain with us.

Now we get clients who even run small or middle scale businesses who have found us and switched to us simply because they do not want to be on something as risky as Amazon or Alibaba. I guess you could call Techrich and Compevo, the original IT business security company. And I plan to keep it that way.

Thanks to clunite.com for including us in their comparison

Facebook Tracks Non-Users Too!

As some people are just learning, Facebook has been tracking both users and even non-users in a violation of their privacy that most never opted into.  Anytime you visit a Facebook related or enabled site, they are tracking you.  Conversely as a Facebook user, they track and relate all of your off-Facebook activity on any site that uses Facebook plugins or functionality (which are a lot of sites).  This is horrible and should be stopped but in all fairness “they all do it” and if anything Google is probably worse.

If the above is not bad enough, the PRISM network has backdoors to all of these services so you are being violated directly by corporations and multiple governments who index all of your activity.  Privacy is a thing of the past unfortunately.

However there are ways to fight back such as disabling cookies and deleting all cookies regularly and especially to use a random VPN to make tracking harder.

It’s not so much that the majority of people have anything to hide, but privacy is a right everyone has.  Most people would object to having cameras in the washroom, not because they are doing something wrong but because you have the right to dignity and privacy.

Hopefully the longstanding issue with most giant online sites from Facebook, Google etc.. will drive demands from people around the world to restore privacy and digital rights in an era where infringement is common.

 

Just Keep Hodling Your Cryptocurrency Coins!

As of the time of this writing on 2018-04-15 coins have started a rally just before the weekend and they’re all up.  Could it be that there is some pumping going on from Soros, Rothschild and Rockefeller?  Or could it be an emotional reaction to their announcements that they will invest in crypto?

Coins are up between 3-16% at the time of this writing with the big news being that it looks like Bitcoin has strongly cleared the $8000 mark and is hanging there fairly well.  We are back to where we were later last year.  Could this be the next leg up of a bull run? No one can be sure since only the whales and FUD and FOMO can control the market but I’ve been hodling.

Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin to me are key indicators of something big possibly heading our way.

 

2018-04-15-CoinsGoingUp

George Soros Does a 180 on Cryptocurrency Investment – Pledges To Buy

Everyone’s favorite billionaire investor George Soros to the rescue!  After repeatedly condemning cryptocurrency as being a worthless investment and not a proper store of value it looks like he’s publicly changed his position.

But can the man known for causing the Asian Financial Crisis of the 80s, European Refugee Crisis, Election Hacking and much more be trusted or will his involvement mean a pump and dump that leaves cryptocurrency reeling?

We can be sure there are many big whales and hedgefunds in the crypto market but George Soros could be a game changer, for better or worse.  George Soros has never paid for the crises he’s accused of causing which would clearly be illegal but what if there was a better way?  Cryptocurrency!  The cryptomarket is ripe for the picking because insider trading is not illegal, pumping and dumping is not illegal and essentially all of the dirty Wall Street tactics can be used without any concern, at least for now.  So it is no wonder to me that the cryptomarket is in turbulence as more and more big money flows in.  A hand full of elite, wealthy investors could make or tank the entire market and I think that’s what we’ve been seeing.

George Soros is coming whether we like it or not, it’s time to HODL and divest of 99% of the worthless ERC20 coins if they haven’t produced.

Lightning Network – LN Network DDOS’d and Attacked By Organized Group

A group calling itself Bitpico has bragged about attacking the LN (Lightning Network).  The group claims it is stress testing the network and the LN developers responded that they are analyzing and trying to close any attack vectors before the currency is used more.

It is almost a traditional DOS attack where nodes were flooded with false transactions to overwhelm them so no real transactions could get through (similar to a web attack that opens frivolous connections to overwhelm the server).

Inevitably almost all networks go through this and it really is a typical cat and mouse game in any public, permissionless blockchains.  It is really an IT security nightmare where no one is authenticated or vetted whatsoever.  There is little disincentive for organized and well-funded groups not to attack blockchains if they have enough motivation, and clearly many do.

 

Verge XVG Mining Exploit Results in $1.1M Heist

In all fairness it was just 3 hours, they have corrected the issue and have apologized which is the way to handle it.  This won’t make me panic sell my Verge coins.


XVG-Verge-ApologiesforMiningAttack
However, a scam closely followed right into the tweet discussion about this with a fake Verge account scamming users by apologizing for the hack (very ironic).

 

 

Because of how well they handled it I have a lot of faith in their team.  Lately a lot of blockchains have been attacked and exploited which is only natural.  Contrary to popular belief blockchain is not invincible or infallible.  Likewise, the people who code the applications and algorithms that run them are only human, so let’s give them a break.

To close this attack vector permanently it looks like a hardfork will be necessary (I generally dislike hardforks but this is a case of necessity).  But once again I’ll say it is a flaw in the majority of permissionless blockchains.  The client side shouldn’t care about this (just as we don’t care about the backend of our bank we only care about using our money).

I see the value of XVG has plummeted as a result, even though similar issues have happened with Bytecoin and Monero due to a flaw that allowed the creation of extra coins in Cryptonight.  I would fathom that a lot, if not most blockchains have been attacked and this has gone undetected and/or unreported.  It is likely just a matter of time.  This still puzzles me more because I think the Ethereum, parity issue, Bitcoin Gold Scam and what I suspect was a similar issue with Raiblocks didn’t impact the value as much.  With that said, this is one more reason I feel PoW is unsustainable and doesn’t help secure networks at all, as even without technical exploits you can still cause damage by having more hashing power than others.

I am not overly concerned about this issue and a big part of that is how the team handles things and it looks like they’ve taken ownership of the problem and have corrected it (something rare in this industry).

Nano AKA Raiblocks XRB and Bitgrail Scam $150M Lost!

A good friend of mine asked me about Nano and I honestly haven’t paid much attention to it.  I didn’t even know what it was until I realize it was recently rebranded from Raiblocks (XRB).  That alone set off alarm bells, aside from it being confusing I suspected there must be more of a reason.

The technical side is impressive although I haven’t used it, they have this block-lattice technology which doesn’t use traditional PoW mining.  It confirms transactions individually between two wallets instead of the entire blockchain.  This is a huge plus but the weakness is that they only seem to focus on transaction speed.  The algorithm described that seems to automatically allow successive transactions to be confirmed sounds dangerous.  I may be missing something from the implementation but it sounds like a potentially vulnerability that an attacker could use after doing a transaction with you.  In addition they still use a public ledger so essentially they are solving the transaction speed alone but they may also have introduced a huge attack vector and vulnerability.

They do have some interesting features such as instant transactions and being infinitely scalable.  But I take issue with any team claiming anything is infinite.  To infinitely scale there would have to be infinite computing resources available which there are not.  It could just be marketing but this stuff does catch my attention.  Combined with the timing of their rebrand and a lot of insider trading and selling I am very skeptical of this team.  At the very least, hiding from the Bitgrail fraud by renaming just before the news broke doesn’t seem honest at all.

I think we have it here straight from their own blog.  I believe the Raiblocks team knew of a massive fraud about to go down with Bitgrail well before they let on or claim to have known something was wrong.  I am not saying they were involved but the timing of their re-branding is extremely suspicious.

This is because on January 31st they suddenly announce the rebrand to Nano.

Raiblocks-Rebrands

Then just 8 days later the Bitgrail $150M loss of XRB happened.  As you will see from the Raiblocks own timeline it appears they were possibly aware for weeks or months that something was going down.

Raiblocks-Rebrands1

The Raiblocks own timeline seems to imply they were aware of issues for weeks if not months before.   It does not mean they were directly involved but it gives the appearance that for publicity and to shrug off this massive fraud associated with their project they rebranded just before things hit the fan.

Raiblocks-XRB-ScamOn 10/19 – 2017 it is not clear if Raiblocks knew about the suspicious transaction but they definitely did in February.  Being under maintenance for no good reason to withdraw is always cause for concern on January 8th.  I am sure when the Bitgrail owner left the joint Telegram channel for Raiblocks they knew something was very amiss on 2018-01-25 (6 days before the rename and about 2 weeks before the public announcement of fraud).  I find this timing to be highly suspicious, it reminds of the Bitcoin Gold scam and I have no confidence in this team or currency because of that alone.

Bitgrail in March 2018 has gone on to make a statement claiming they are reopening and that they insist there is a flaw in Raiblocks that caused the theft.  Of course both sides may have motivation to blame the other.  In all fairness at least Bitgrail has pledged to offer some ERC20 tokens they are creating and that users will have access to all of their coins upon reopening (aside from the lost XRB of course).

Cash Fund dedicated to the victims of the NANO theft In view of the forthcoming reopening of Bitgrail.com (we will soon announce the exact date), BitGrail srl intends to inform its users of the details of the soon to be established cash fund dedicated to NANO owners, victims of the theft that was communicated on February 9 2018. Prior to that, a premise concerning the suffered theft and Bitgrail's obligations arising from the theft itself. BitGrail S.r.l intends to stress having been subject to theft, a crime made possible by taking advantage of faults in the team NANO's softwares (rai_node and the official block explorer) and therefore, for these reasons and in accordance with the law, it is not in any way responsible for the situation. We confirm that an investigation led by the legal authorities is underway The purpose of the investigation is to shed light on the theft, therefore we have already provided all the useful elements in order to reconstruct the facts, including the evidence concerning those involved in the fraudolent activity, who took advantage of the vulnerability of NANO's software, thus not Bitgrail's. Those grounds are alone sufficient to relieve BitGrail S.r.l of any refund obligation and/or repayment of the stolen amounts. However, as further demonstration of the good intentions and seriousness of the company, in order to meet its users half-way though without recognition of any liability, BitGrail S.r.l intends, on a voluntary basis, to establish a cash fund (by creating a token) dedicated to the users damaged by the theft. Doing so, they'll be enabled to recover their stolen funds over time. We must specify that, since they are not victim of the theft, users that didn't own NANO will have full access to their coins at the site reopening. (all the coins are safe, apart from XRB). Token BGS (BitGrail Shares) A new token (BGS, BitGrail Shares) is already present on the wallet page. 15.6 MLN of them have been distributed in a 1 to 1 ratio with the stolen NANO. The users who have been damaged by the theft (Meaning solely and exclusively all the NANO owners on Bitgrail) can already see their 20% updated XRB balance and, at the same time, the remaining part (80%) converted into BGS. Access and ownership to/of the BitGrail's token is granted only to users who will accept the settlement agreement, as stated in the next point. The new BitGrail Shares token will have its own market on Bitgrail's platform. It will be possibile to trade the token, but not deposit it or withdraw it. It is not excluded that the abovementioned token could be converted into an apposite cryptocurrency, thus enabling withdrawal and deposit. The first of the month BitGail will use the 50% of the previous month trading fees income in order to reacquire the BGS token, proportionally among the users who have them in their Balance. The tokens' buyback will occurr at the fixed price of 10.5 $ per unit (in Bitcoin), considering an average of BTC/USD pair among various exchanges ( Bitfinex, Binance, Bitstamp...) As said, it will be possible to trade BGS on the platform. Users who own said token will be able to buy and/or sell at a different pricing from the one required for the buyback. Doing so, users will have the chance of liquidating their BGS in advance, whenever there is an adequate market situation with the desired price. Any amount that can, in case, be recovered from those who have perpetrated the unauthorised withdrawals (therefore materially in the availabilty of BitGrail S.r.l) will be immediately destinated to the tokens' owners up to the extent of the pro rata sums subracted from the damaged users. (with value of 10.5$) Agreement with the users With the reopening of the site, the use of the platform for the victims of the theft will be bound by the signature of a settlement agreement. The latter will be characterised by an expressed renouncement from the users to every type of legal action, and will have to be formalized through the compilation of a form. The last will have to be printed, signed and uplodaded with the attached documents. Such renouncement will allow the availability of the BGS tokens above described. In denegata hypothesis, subjects who won't accept the settlement agreement will have no alternative except for the account termination in compliance with the TOSs. Extra UE users As already anticipated in the past, BitGrail won't be able to guarantee the trading to the extra UE users for a limited period of time. Our intention is to reopen the access to the whole world as soon as possible. Extra UE users will be able to deposit and withdraw. The BGS token buypack will also be available. Implementations of the platform With the purpose of guaranteeing a faster execution of the plan concerning the purchase of the tokens owned by the victims of the theft who have accepted the agreement, BitGrail S.r.l. will immediately work on the implementation of the site, focusing on: Markets/pair increasing by adding other criptocurrencies Interface and charts improvements an APP for smartphone / tablet the realization of a referral link system A voting system based on the BGS tokens for the list of new emergent criptocurrencies will be implemented. Thanks for the attention. Bitgrail S.r.l.

It’s hard to know for sure what has gone on in this case.  But this week XVG (Verge Coin) was hacked due to a flaw in how coins are mined, and something similar with Cryptonight for Monero and Bytecoin was also disclosed recently.    Who is to say that the Coincheck NEM issue also wasn’t due to a similar but unknown or undisclosed flaw?